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Alternatives allocations in both DB and DC plans are on the rise, whilst sustainability has now become mainstream, as investors push their agenda further and deeper.
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Joanne Holden, Global Head of Investment Research

We believe that asset allocation is one of the most important decisions an investor makes. A thorough assessment of risks is critical to constructing a portfolio that will seek to meet your objectives whilst managing risks and opportunities that may arise. The COVID-19 pandemic has introduced additional challenges as investors wrestled heightened market volatility and the economic impact of the pandemic throughout 2020. Even one year later, uncertainty over the future path of the pandemic and whether vaccine-driven reopening can be sustained remains.


Many countries have made significant strides along the journey toward economic recovery as vaccine roll-out across the UK and Europe has mitigated the impact of COVID-19 which led most countries to fully reopen; however, regardless of the circumstances in your country, it is always a good time to review your allocations in light in light of shifting economic and market backdrops. Mercer’s European Asset Allocation Insights 2021, a series of four reports, provides a comprehensive overview of investment strategy across the UK and European defined benefits and defined contribution pension industry, and identifies emerging trends in the behaviour of c. 850 institutional investors across 11 countries, reflecting total assets of c. €1 trillion.

Key findings


Defined benefit trends

COVID-19 setbacks and equity correction keep investors awake

COVID-19 setbacks and equity correction keep investors awake

The biggest concerns for investors this year were COVID-19 remaining an obstacle for the hoped-for full reopening and a stock market correction. Around 20% of survey investors rated them as main concerns.

Alternatives almost at par with equities

Alternatives almost at par with equities

Allocation to alternatives are now almost at par with equities for Europe as a whole and higher than for equities in some countries (for instance the UK).

Governance lessons from the COVID-19 crisis

Governance lessons from the COVID-19 crisis

Just over half of surveyed investors plan to review investment strategy, manager mandates or plan governance. However, more than a third do not plan any changes to their plan’s governance as a direct consequence of last year’s events.

Seeking more bang for the buck in fixed income

Seeking more bang for the buck in fixed income

Bond yields touched new record lows during 2020. More investors are now considering alternatives to government bonds for their income producing part of their portfolio.


UK defined benefit de-risking

Most plans to be cashflow negative within 10 years

Nearly all plans to be cashflow negative within 10 years

Almost 80% of plans are cash flow negative. This is expected to rise to just under 90% in five years and almost 100% within the next ten years. Most plans are still disinvesting assets to fund cash flow but there has been an increase in plans requiring income generating assets to distribute as opposed to reinvest that income.

Little difference in strategy between strong and weak covenants

Little difference in strategy between strong and weak covenants

Covenants of many plans may have deteriorated with the COVID-19 fallout. Plans with covenants described as “weak” or “tending to weak” only have a marginally smaller allocation of 13% to equities, compared to 17% for plans with a covenant described as “strong” or “tending to strong"

Most plans still looking to de-risk

Most plans still looking to de-risk

The direction of travel for most plans is still to gradually de-risk from growth assets into liability matching assets as and when opportunities arise and increase hedge ratios opportunistically. This helps prepare the plan for the endgame which is in most cases to move to a self-sufficient position and eventually buy out benefits with an insurer.

Mid-sized plans ahead of the pack on LDI

Mid-sized plans ahead of the pack on LDI

The majority of UK pension plans use liability-driven investment strategies (LDI) to hedge their liability risk with >80% of plans between £50 million and £2.5bn indicating that they have an LDI framework in place. This proportion is much lower for the largest and smallest plans.


Defined contribution trends

Equities are the highest allocation but exhibit little diversification

Equities are the highest allocation but exhibit little diversification

The average DC default fund allocated almost half of their assets to equities which is to be expected for funds that are early in their accumulation phase. Most funds are heavily concentrated in developed market equities but have at least a small allocation to emerging markets.

Alternatives are becoming more mainstream for DC

Alternatives are becoming more mainstream for DC

For most countries, alternatives amount to the second largest allocation for DC default funds after equities with almost one third of assets allocated to alternatives.

Some bond portfolios have a high allocation to government bonds

Some bond portfolios have a high allocation to government bonds

Bond portfolios are almost equally split between government bonds and credit on aggregate but for some countries there is a heavy government bond bias.


Sustainable investment

ESG remains the new normal

ESG remains the new normal

The vast majority of investors have firmly embedded ESG considerations in their investment process, a trend that has strengthened further during the COVID‑19 crisis.

E to the fore of ESG

E to the fore of ESG

When asked to rate the importance of environmental, social and governance considerations, respondents in all countries except for Ireland responded that the environment was considered the most important area of focus.

ESG broadening

ESG broadening

Climate change and governance are established areas of fiduciary scrutiny. A significant minority of respondents are looking to further expand the scope of their sustainability activities to social issues, other environmental issues (for example biodiversity) and diversity, equity and inclusion.

Stewardship across the board

Stewardship across the board

Stewardship is mainly thought of in relationship to equity mandates, however, increasingly it is applied across the board, to both fixed income and alternatives portfolios.

Meet some of our research specialists

Wayne Fitzgibbons 

Wayne Fitzgibbon

UK Head of Intellectual Capital

Hemal Popat 

Hemal Popat

Senior Investment Consultant, UK

Chris Canstein

Strategic Research Specialist

Matt Scott

Senior Strategic Research Specialist

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